The Ashmolean’s collections from ancient Egypt and Sudan are among the most extensive in Britain, with approximately 50,000 objects representing every period of human occupation in the Nile Valley from prehistory to the 7th century AD. The major holdings derive from British excavations in Egypt conducted from the 1880s until the late 1930s. Oxford University excavations in southern Egypt and Sudan from 1910 onward added a representative collection of Nubian material. The Museum also houses over 8,000 ostraca covering all scripts and languages that have been used in Egypt.

Whitehouse, H. Ancient Egypt and Nubia in the Ashmolean Museum. (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2009)
Crowfoot Payne, J. Catalogue of the Predynastic Egyptian Collection in the Ashmolean Museum, with addenda. (Oxford: Griffith Institute and Ashmolean Museum, reprint, 2000)